Skills Required of a Court Reporter


Court reporting is a very important part of the legal process. It is where a person transcribes or takes down the recorded or spoken legal speeches and testimonies into written word for documentation or future references and evidences. Those who perform court reporting are the ones who provide and produce the transcripts from court hearings, depositions, and other legal transcripts. Training for this type of job often requires academic coursework and other specific jobs which would require further studies and training.

Because of the importance and weight of what court reporting can do to every legal hearing, it is vital that a court reporter posses certain skills and characteristics in order to not only succeed but to excel in this profession.

  1. Being accurate – attention to detail along with a conscious awareness to the finer points of certain subjects (such as legal and medical language, business law, and proper English grammar), are very important in a court reporter. Every court reporter should have immense vocabulary, familiar with slang or unusual words and jargons that may be used in court.
  2. Being diligent – having perseverance and strong drive to work hard is expected of a court reporter. It is important for court reporting to consistently work towards a goal, as this profession requires constant practice.
  3. Being able to take information and write fast – speed is vital in a court reporter. Along with accuracy, being able to document the spoken word in real time requires a lot of practice and training. Because it is the court reporters job to document the hearing, he or she should be able to type faster than a person speaks, able to identify the speakers and add narrative notes.
  4. Being able to concentrate – concentrating on documenting the whole trial requires a lot of effort. With so many things going on, a court reporter should not be distracted with the emotions that will be present in the court.

Court reporting can be a very lucrative profession, but just as with any other profession, it requires skill and practice. There are many attributes that can make an excellent court reporter, and but these skill and characteristics can be learned and developed. There is presently a shortage of court reporters, so knowing what to look for your legal proceedings is essential in having the best legal support.

Negative Long-Term Effects of Cocaine Use


Cocaine is one of the many drug stimulants that people use (or over-use) in order to get high. Everyone knows about the high that people have when they use cocaine. Possession of cocaine and using it can give a person the increased feeling of elation, alertness, and confidence. Although cocaine has its “positive” effects, they come with a price.

Along with being high (or feeling euphoric), cocaine can cause the person using it to feel irritated, anxious, and restless. They can even feel paranoid. Users usually feel excited, talk fast, and are very energetic. Physically, their pupils dilate, blood vessels constrict, body temperatures as well as heart rate increases, and have high blood pressure. Hyperstimulation often lasts for about 30 minutes to two hours, when the euphoric period is felt after using cocaine. For long term users, the effects are mostly psychological, although there are also physical effects. Repeated or dependent cocaine users can experience:

  • Stroke – due to constricting vessels in the brain, a person can have a stroke. Even people who have no history or risk factors of stroke can have them when they are using cocaine. Constricted blood vessels can give way to seizures and headaches.
  • Respiratory failure – for those who snort cocaine, lung problems can arise. Snorting cocaine can damage or perforate the nasal passage; cocaine often irritates the lungs and could therefore cause lung-term lung damage. Chest pain can also be experienced.
  • Irregular heartbeat and heart attacks – fast heart beats and constricted blood vessels spell trouble for the heart; this can hinder the arteries that supply the blood to the heart. Even young people are in danger of heart attacks and abnormal heart rhythms called heart arrhythmia.
  • Kidney failure – constant cocaine users can develop the potentially dangerous condition called rhabdomyolysis, where muscle fibers get broken down and enter the blood stream causing kidney failure. Those who have high blood pressure can have accelerated symptoms of kidney failure.
  • Lower sexual satisfaction – despite the enhanced effects of cocaine as an aphrodisiac, it can lower sexual satisfaction in the long run. Delayed or impaired ejaculation is often experienced by men, and both men and women can experience impaired sexual capacities.

Different ways of administering cocaine can render different effects to the body. Snorting, injecting, and smoking are ways that cocaine in its many forms can be absorbed by the body. Despite it being a very expensive drug, cocaine is still accessible to those who prefer to use it. Young men between the ages of 18 to 25 are one of the biggest users of cocaine.

Drug use and drug possession are against the law, therefore those who are caught in possession of cocaine can face severe penalties and imprisonment. Punishment can vary depending on the amount of cocaine caught in possession. Because of the weight of penalties, it is always better to avoid having a conviction once you have been caught possessing or using cocaine.

Common Symptoms of Delayed Brain Injury


Brain injuries are one of the leading causes of deaths, and the basis for many personal injury and wrongful death lawsuits. In the United States, vehicular accidents account for 17.3 percent of all traumatic brain injuries. A blow to the head may not seem like a serious injury at first, but symptoms of a head or brain injury often show themselves after the accident has occurred.

During a car accident, the impact of the crash (even though not deadly) can gravely harm the skeletal structure and internal organs of the people inside the vehicle. Whiplash (the sudden extreme backward/forward movement of the neck) or hitting the head on the windshield, steering wheel, air bags, dashboard, or any part of the car with such strong force can lead to brain injuries. Although there are no immediate symptoms, it is always best to go to the hospital for a proper check-up following a car collision: staying conscious after the accident does not guarantee there are no brain injuries. Common symptoms that everyone should be wary of include:

  • Stiff neck or severe headaches
  • Vomiting
  • Impaired taste, hearing, smell, visions (including slurred speech or blurry vision)
  • Confusion or irritability
  • Facial fractures, bruising, swelling or scalp wounds
  • Dilated pupils
  • Blood or any fluid running from the nose, eyes, or mouth
  • Lack of coordination in the arms or legs, or inability to move them

Suffering from a brain injury is a serious health hazard, as it can lead to possible long-term brain damage. This is why going to the hospital without delay is vital. Serious injuries can result in coma, persistent headaches, loss of sensation, hearing, vision, taste, or smell, seizures, paralysis, or problems in speech and language.

It may be true that most head or brain injuries recover quickly, and without further incidents; however, it is still advised to keep a tight watch to those who have suffered a brain injury. Seemingly innocent injuries may still result to long-term complications such as memory loss or cognitive problems because traumatic brain injuries tend to accumulate rather than show signs immediately.

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